The 10 building blocks of high-performing primary care

TitleThe 10 building blocks of high-performing primary care
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsBodenheimer T, Ghorob A, Willard-Grace R, Grumbach K
JournalAnnals of family medicine

Our experiences studying exemplar primary care practices, and our work assisting other practices to become more patient centered, led to a formulation of the essential elements of primary care, which we call the 10 building blocks of high-performing primary care. The building blocks include 4 foundational elements-engaged leadership, data-driven improvement, empanelment, and team-based care-that assist the implementation of the other 6 building blocks-patient-team partnership, population management, continuity of care, prompt access to care, comprehensiveness and care coordination, and a template of the future. The building blocks, which represent a synthesis of the innovative thinking that is transforming primary care in the United States, are both a description of existing high-performing practices and a model for improvement.